Maritime industry lacks human resources

According to Việt Nam National Institute of Educational Sciences, universities need to train nearly 15,000 navigating officers and other shipping personnel by 2020 to address the shortage. They also should train additional 6,000 captains and first officers. Marine engineers would also be needed.

Many people moved to shore-based jobs, and high school students do not want to apply for shipping-related university courses. Nearly 90% of graduates from such courses do not work in the shipping industry.

Vessel owners do not pay social insurance premiums for their staff. Salaries for sailors in Việt Nam at around VNĐ10 million (US$430) a month are lower than in China where the average pay is VNĐ14-15 million, in Japan and South Korea it is VNĐ30-34 million.